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fx-260 Solar Algorithms Part I

fx-260 Solar Algorithms Part I

All results are shown to screen accuracy. 

Sphere:  Surface Area and Volume

With the radius r,
the surface area is S = 4 * π * r^2
the volume area is V = 4/3 * π * r^3

Algorithm:
r  [SHIFT] (Min) [ x² ] [ × ] [EXP](π) [ × ] 4 [ = ]    // surface area is displayed
[ × ] [ MR ] [ ÷ ] 3 [ = ]   // area is displayed

M = r

Example:
Input:
r = 3.86

Results:
3.86  [SHIFT] (Min) [ x² ] [ × ] [EXP](π) [ × ] 4 [ = ]   
Surface Area = 187.2338956

[ × ] [ MR ] [ ÷ ] 3 [ = ] 
Volume = 204.9076123

Monthly Payment of a Mortgage or Auto Loan

Input:
A = amount of the mortgage/loan
I = annual interest rate
N = number of months

The monthly payment can be found by:
PMT = ( 1 – (1 + I/1200)^-N) / (I/1200)

Algorithm:
I [ ÷ ] 1200 [ = ] [SHIFT] (Min)   // stores I/1200 into M
1 [ – ] [ ( ] 1 [ + ] [ MR ] [ ) ] [ x^y ] N [ +/- ] [ = ]
[SHIFT] (1/x) [ × ] [ MR ] [ × ] A [ = ]     // monthly payment

Example:
Input: 
I = 4  (4%)
N = 360
A = 85000

Result:
4 [ ÷ ] 1200 [ = ] [SHIFT] (Min)   // stores I/1200 into M
1 [ – ] [ ( ] 1 [ + ] [ MR ] [ ) ] [ x^y ] 360 [ +/- ] [ = ]
[SHIFT] (1/x) [ × ] [ MR ] [ × ] 85000 [ = ]     // monthly payment

PMT = 405.8030014   ($405.80)
(I/1200 = M = 3.333333333E-03)

Electromagnetic Field Strength 

Given the EIRP (effective isotropic radiated power) of a microwave (in Watts), we can calculate the following:

Power Flux Density: 
S = EIRP / (4 * π * d^2)   (W/m^2,  d = distance from the wave source in meters)

Electric Field:
E = √(30 * EIRP) /  d   (W/m)

Magnetic Field:
H = √(EIRP / (480 * π^2 * d^2) )  (A/m)

Algorithm:

Calculating Power Flux: 
EIRP [ ÷ ] [ ( ] 4 [ × ] [EXP](π) [ × ]  d [ x² ] [ ) ] [ = ]

Calculating Electric Field: 
[ ( ] EIRP [ × ] 30 [ ) ] [SHIFT] (√) [ ÷ ] 0.5 [ = ]

Calculating Magnetic Field:
[ ( ] EIRP [ ÷ ] [ ( ] 480 [ × ] [EXP](π) [ x² ] [ × ] d [ x² ] [ ) ] [ ) ] [ √ ] [ = ]

Example:
Input:
EIRP = 1800 W
d =  0.5 m   (distance)

Results:

Calculating Power Flux: 
1800 [ ÷ ] [ ( ] 4 [ × ] [EXP](π) [ × ]  0.5 [ x² ] [ ) ] [ = ]
Power Flux: 572.9577951 W/m^2

Calculating Electric Field: 
[ ( ] 1800 [ × ] 30 [ ) ] [SHIFT] (√) [ ÷ ] 0.5 [ = ]
Electric Field: 464.7580015 W/m

Calculating Magnetic Field:
[ ( ] 1800 [ ÷ ] [ ( ] 480 [ × ] [EXP](π) [ x² ] [ × ] 0.5  [ x² ] [ ) ] [ ) ] [ √ ] [ = ]
Magnetic Field: 1.232808888 A/m

Source:  Barue, Gerardo.  Microwave Engineering: Land & Space Radiocommunications John Wiley & Sons, Inc.  Hoboken, NJ  ISBN 978-0-470-08966-5 2008

Slope and Intercept with Two Points

Given two points of a line (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) we can find the slope (a) and y-intercept (b) of the general linear equation y = a*x + b.

The trick is to use the rectangular to polar conversion to find the slope:
θ = atan((y2 – y1)/(x2 -x1))
tan θ = (y2 – y1)/(x2 -x1) = slope = a

Once the slope is found, we can solve for the y-intercept:
y = a*x + b
b = y – a*x

Algorithm:
[ ( ] x1 [ – ] x2 [ ) ] [SHIFT] (R→P) [ ( ] y1 [ – ] y2 [ ) ] [ = ] [SHIFT] (X<>Y) [ tan ]
// slope is displayed

[ × ] x1* [ +/- ] [ + ] y1* [ = ]
// intercept is displayed

*x2 and y2 can be used instead

Example:
(x1, y1) = (8, 5.5)
(x2, y2) = (4, 9.5)

Result:
[ ( ] 8 [ – ] 4 [ ) ] [SHIFT] (R→P) [ ( ] 5.5 [ – ] 9.5 [ ) ] [ = ] [SHIFT] (X<>Y) [ tan ]

Slope: -1

[ × ] 8 [ +/- ] [ + ] 5.5 [ = ]

Slope: 13.5

Tomorrow will be Part II. 

Eddie

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